Research on the bilberry has been carried out both in Finland and in other countries. Its nutritional content, health effects, ecological and physiological properties and cultivability has been investigated in these studies.

Research articles on bilberry:

Bao L, Abe K, Tsang P, Xu JK, Yao XS, Liu HW, Kurihara H. Bilberry extract protect restraint stress-induced liver damage through attenuating mitochondrial dysfunction. Fitoterapia 2010 Jul 8.

Burdulis D, Sarkinas A, Jasutiene I, Stackevicene E, Nikolajevas L, Janulis V. Comparative study of anthocyanin composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activity in bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) and blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum L.) fruits. Acta P

Habanova, M., Saraiva, J.A., Haban, M., Schwarzova, M., Chlebo, P., Predna, L., Gazo, J. & Wyka, J. (2016): Intake of bilberries (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) reduced cardiovascular diseases risk factors through positive influences in lipoprotein profiles. Nutrition research 2016, doi: 10.1016/j.nutres.2016.11.010.

Helmstädter A, Schuster N. Vaccinium myrtillus as an antidiabetic medicinal plant--research through the ages. Pharmazie 2010 May;65(5):315-21

Hellström K, Törrönen R, Mattila P. Proanthocyanidins in common food products of plant origin. J Agric Food Chem 2009: 57; 7899-790

Karlsen A, Paur I, Bøhn SK, Sakhi AK, Borge GI, Serafini M, Erlund I, Laake P, Tonstad S, Blomhoff R. Bilberry juice modulates plasma concentration of NF-kappaB related inflammatory markers in subjects at increased risk of CVD. Eur J Nutr 2010 Feb 2

Katsube N, Iwashita K, Tsushida T, Yamaki K, Kobori M. Induction of Apoptosis in Cancer Cells by Bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) and the Anthocyanins. J Agric Food Chem 2003; 51: 68–75.

Kolehmainen M, Mykkanen O, Kirjavainen PV, Leppanen T, Moilanen E, Adriaens M, Laaksonen DE, Hallikainen M, Puupponen-Pimia R, Pulkkinen L, Mykkanen H, Gylling H, Poutanen K, Torronen R. Bilberries reduce low-grade inflammation in individuals with features of metabolic syndrome. Mol Nutr Food Res 2012;56:1501-1510.

Lätti A, Riihinen K, Kainulainen P. 2008. Analysis of anthocyanin variation in wild populations of bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L.) in Finland. J. Agric. Food Chem. 56, 190–196.

Matsunaga N, Imai S, Inokuchi Y, Shimazawa M, Yokota S, Araki Y, Hara H. Bilberry and its main constituents have neuroprotective effects against retinal neuronal damage in vitro and in vivo. Mol Nutr Food Res. 2009 Jul;53(7):869–77.

Misikangas M, Pajari AM, Päivärinta E, Oikarinen SI, Rajakangas J, Marttinen M, Tanayama H, Törrönen R, Mutanen M. 2007. Three Nordic berries inhibit intestinal tumorigenesis in multiple intestinal neoplasia/+ mice by modulating beta-catenin signaling in the tumor and transcription in the mucosa. J Nutr. 137(10):2285-90.

Määttä-Riihinen KR, Kamal-Eldin A, Mattila PH, González-Paramás AM, Törrönen AR. Distribution and contents of phenolic compounds in eighteen Scandinavian berry species. J Agric Food Chem. 2004;52(14):4477-86. (s. 4481)

Persson IA, Persson K, Andersson RG. Effect of Vaccinium myrtillus and its polyphenols on angiotensin-converting enzyme activity in human endothelial cells. J Agric Food Chem. 2009:10;57(11):4626–9.

Riihinen K., Jaakola L., Kärenlampi S., Hohtola A. Organ-specific distribution of phenolic compounds in bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus) and ‘northblue’ blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum x
V. angustifolium
). Food Chemistry 110 (2008) 156–160. (s. 157, 158)

Teller N, Thiele W, Marczylo TH, Gescher AJ, Boettler U, Sleeman J, Marko D. Suppression of the kinase activity of receptor tyrosine kinases by anthocyanin-rich mixtures extracted from bilberries and grapes. J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Apr 22;57(8):3094 –101.

Terveyden ja hyvinvoinnin laitos, Ravitsemusyksikkö. Fineli -ravitsemuskoostumustietokannan versioon 16 (9.12.2013). Mustikka, metsämustikka

USDA 2014. Agricultural Research Service United States Department of Agriculture. National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference Release 26, Blueberries, raw